Timeline

11.000 B.C.

First records of native cultures in Córdoba.

Conquest and Colony
1492

European arrival in America.

1573

Founding of the city by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.

1588

First sale of enslaved Africans in Córdoba. This became a center to trade enslaved people between the 16th and early 17th centuries.

Arrival of the Jesuit Order
1589

Arrival of the Society of Jesus in Córdoba.

1592

Creation of the Viceroyalty of Perú, of which we were a part.

1610

Establishment of the Jesuit School named Colegio Máximo de la Compañía de Jesús.

1616

Founding of the first Jesuit farmhouse in Caroya.

1618

Second Jesuit farmhouse in Jesús María.

1622

The Colegio Máximo is upgraded to University.

1747

The Spanish Crown creates the Fixed Post Offices in America.

1762

Royal Ordinance giving rise to the Royal Roads. The Sinsacate relay station is born.

1767

Expulsion of the Jesuits

Viceroyalty
1776

Creation of the Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata.

1802

Founding of Inti Huasi relay station.

1803

The Marquis of Sobremonte founds Villa Tulumba.

1806-1807

The English invasions of the Río de la Plata take place.

1807

Santiago Liniers, hero of the Reconquest, is appointed Viceroy.

1809

The Macha relay station is the largest military supply center for the Army of the North and the Federal armies.

Independence
1810

May Revolution: First Patriotic Government and beginning of the wars for the American emancipation. In the relay station, Las Piedritas, Santiago de Liniers, head of the counterrevolution, is imprisoned.

1814

Creation of the first factory of bladed weapons that supplied the Liberating Army of the North, in the Caroya Farmhouse. The sword of the Liberator Artigas and of the Supreme Director Martín de Pueyrredón was made there.

1815

The first Federal Government of Córdoba (José Díaz) joins the Liga de los Pueblos Libres (League of Free Peoples) led by Gervasio José de Artigas. Córdoba adopts the three-color flag: red, white and blue.

1816

Declaration of Independence of the United Provinces of Río de la Plata.

1820

Proclamation of Arequito, where Juan Bautista Bustos revolted, beginning the stage of Provincial Autonomies. The Brigadier is elected as the first constitutional governor of the province of Córdoba. He nationalizes the University.

1821

Francisco Pancho Ramírez, supreme caudillo from Entre Ríos, is killed in San Francisco Viejo.

1835

General Juan Facundo Quiroga is assassinated in Barranca Yaco. His remains are mourned at the Sinsacate relay station.

1855

The name of San Francisco del Chañar is assigned to the town until then known as “Cachi” or “Chañar”.

1856

Nationalization of the University of Córdoba.

1857

The first railway line (Ferrocarril Oeste) replaces the post office system.

1864

Founding of San Pedro Norte.

1870

President Nicolás Avellaneda subdivides the Caroya Farmhouse to establish a colony of Italian immigrants from the Friuli Region.

1876

El presidente Nicolás Avellaneda subdivide la Estancia de Caroya para fundar una colonia de inmigrantes italianos de la Región del Friuli.