2D & 3D Objects Gallery
The two mortars are from Valle de Ongamira, Mortero Roca 2 and Mortero Dos Lunas 5, are movable rock mortars. They were used to grind food or other elements, and nowadays the neighbors move them as decoration to the courtyards of their houses. They belong to prehistoric communities that inhabited Valle de Ongamira.
The effective occupation of the territory took place at least in 6,000 B.C. by people who had a hunter-gatherer way of life and were organized in small groups formed by a few families. They were nomads, moving their homes several times a year between mountains and valleys. They are known by the name of Ayampitín, usually used to refer to the large laurel-leaf-shaped spearheads that were one of their characteristic tools.
Around 2000 B.C., a greater number of archaeological sites were recognized, suggesting a population increase. In addition, these hunter-gatherer groups experienced a series of social changes that materialized in a decrease in mobility, that is, they began to live longer in some places where they established base camps.
The tools they used in their daily lives also became more specialized and diversified. From this period, triangular-shaped projectile points carved in rock and artifacts made from animal bones stand out.
Around 500 A.D., the people living in this territory experienced new social changes that resulted in in the adoption of a village way of life, where the old base camps were transformed into permanent villages. This process was probably gradual, adopting local peculiarities. In general terms, it involved the incorporation of agriculture (corn, quinoa, squash), the domestication of animals such as llamas, and the adoption of ceramics.
These peoples were the ones who came in contact with the Spanish conquerors, who called them Comechingones and Sanavirones.